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Rubat Singapura

Bidayah al-Hidayah

Author: Al-Imam Hujjah al-Islam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali


The three sections of this manual are obedience, refraining from disobedience, and the etiquette of companionship with the Creator and with creation.

This manual truly is “The Beginning of Guidance.” It is essential for any seeker of knowledge. It shows ways to benefit from knowledge through acting upon it in accordance with the Prophetic example (sunnah).

Bidayah al-Hidayah is widely considered the best—and most practical—starting point in the study of mainstream Islamic spirituality. 


This manual underlays a solid foundation in the study of Shafie school of thought, and will assist seekers to the basic understanding of essential elements of the Islamic faith, practice and morality that are required of a muslim. This module provides students with the knowledge to practise obedience and sunnah acts from the moment they wake up to the moment they sleep, making best use of their time, avoiding sins, and fulfilling the rights of others.

Module Outline

Part 1: Obedience 

  • The Etiquette of Waking from Sleep
  • The Etiquette of Using the Lavatory
  • The Etiquette of Ablution
  • The Etiquette of the Ritual Bath
  • The Etiquette of the Dry Ablution
  • The Etiquette of Setting Out for the Mosque
  • The Etiquette of Staying in the Mosque until Sunrise
  • The Etiquette of the Time from Sunrise to Midday
    – Seeking Useful Knowledge
    – Worship
    – Good Works
    – Earning a Living and Protecting Religion
  • The Etiquette of Preparation for the Other Prayers
  • The Etiquette of Sleep
  • The Method and Etiquette of Ritual Prayer
  • The Etiquette of Leading and Following in the Prayer
  • The Etiquette of Friday
  • The Etiquette of Fasting
Part 2: Refraining from Disobedience
  • The Sins commited with the Limbs
    – The Eyes
    – The Ears
    – The Tongue
       > Lying 
       > Breaking a Promise
       > Backbiting
       > Disputation, Argumentation, and Competitive Debate
       > Ascribing Goodness to Oneself
       > Cursing
       > Supplication against Creation
       > Jesting, Ridiculing, and Making Fun of People
    – The Stomach
    – The Private Parts
    – The Hands
    – The Feet
  • The Sins of the Heart
     – Envy
     – Ostentatio
     – Conceit, Arrogance, and Pride
Part 3: The Etiquette of companionship with The Creator and with Creations
  • The Etiquette with Allah Most High
  • The Etiquette of the Scholar
  • The Etiquette of the Student
  • The Etiquette of the Child with Parents
  • People You Do Not Know
  • Friends and Brothers
  • Intellect
  • Good Character
  • Uprightness
  • Absence of Greed
  • Honesty
  • The Etiquette of Friendship/Acquaintances