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Rubat Singapura

Ramadhan Q&A

The month of Ramadan is a glorious month. This month was chosen as the month for fasting and in this month also the Qur’an was revealed.

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شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآَنُ هُدًى لِلنَّاسِ وَبَ ي نَاتٍ مِنَ الْْدَُى وَالْفُرْقَانِ فَمَنْ شَهِدَ مِ نكُمُ

الشَّهْرَ فَ لْيَصُمْه

(Al Baqarah: 185)

1. In it, there is a Night of Glory i.e. Lailatul Qadr.

2. The doors of the Hellfire are closed & the doors of Paradise are opened.

3. Past sins will be forgiven.

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إِنَّآ أَنزَلْنَـٰهُ فِى لَيْلَةِ ٱلْقَدْرِ. وَمَآ أَدْرَىٰكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ ٱلْقَدْرِ . لَيْلَةُ ٱلْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌۭ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍۢ

Indeed, ˹it is˺ We ˹Who˺ sent this ˹Quran˺ down on the Night of Glory. And what will make you realize what the Night of Glory is?. The Night of Glory is better than a thousand months.

(Al-Qadr 1 – 3)

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ إِذَا جَاءَ رَمَضَانُ فُتِحَتْ أَبْوَابُ الْجَنَّةِ ‏”‏‏.‏

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “When Ramadan begins, the gates of Paradise are opened.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 1898)

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ مَنْ صَامَ رَمَضَانَ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ ‏”‏‏.‏

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Whoever observes fasts during the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping to attain Allah’s rewards, then all his past sins will be forgiven.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 38)

On every night of Ramadan, say the following in your heart in any languages;

نَوَيْتُ صَوْمَ غَدٍ عَنْ اَدَاءِ فَرْضِ شَهْرِرَمْضَانَ هَذِهِ السَّنَةِ لِلهِ تَعَالَى

I intend to fast in the month of Ramadhan this year for the sake of Allah swt.

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قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «مَنْ لَمْ يَجْمَعِ الصِّيَامَ قَبْلَ الْفَجْرِ فَلَا صِيَامَ لَهُ» . رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ وَأَبُو دَاوُدَ وَالنَّسَائِيُّ وَالدَّارِمَيُّ

Hafsa reported God’s messenger as saying, “He who does not before dawn express his intention of fasting is not credited with it.”

(Mishkat al-Masabih 1987)

The supplication of a person who is fasting is not turned back. Make a lot of supplications while waiting for adzan.
While waiting for adzan to break your fast, you may sit with your family/friends & recite the following together;


أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ نَسْأَلُكَ الجَنَّةَ وَنَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ النّارِ

“Asyhadu allaa ilaaha illallah, astaghfirullah, nas alukal jannata wa na’udzu bika minan naar” (3 x)
followed by;


اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفْوٌ كَريمٌ تُحِبُّ العَفْوَ فَاعِفُو عَنَّا

“Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun, tuhibbul ‘afwa, fa’fu ‘annaa” (3 x)

 

Repeat it until the adzan comes.

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قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ ثَلاَثَةٌ لاَ تُرَدُّ دَعْوَتُهُمُ الإِمَامُ الْعَادِلُ وَالصَّائِمُ حَتَّى يُفْطِرَ وَدَعْوَةُ الْمَظْلُومِ يَرْفَعُهَا اللَّهُ دُونَ الْغَمَامِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَتُفْتَحُ لَهَا أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ وَيَقُولُ بِعِزَّتِي لأَنْصُرَنَّكِ وَلَوْ بَعْدَ حِينٍ ‏”‏

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

There are three whose supplications are not turned back: A just ruler, and a fasting person until he breaks his fast. And, the supplication of one who has been wronged is raised by Allah up to the clouds on the Day of Resurrection, and the gates of heaven are opened for it, and Allah says, ‘By My Might I will help you (against the wrongdoer) even if it is after a while.’”

Sunan Ibn Majah 1752

With wet dates or dried dates or water. 

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عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏”‏ إِذَا أَفْطَرَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيُفْطِرْ عَلَى تَمْرٍ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ زَادَ ابْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ ‏”‏ فَإِنَّهُ بَرَكَةٌ فَمَنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ فَلْيُفْطِرْ عَلَى مَاءٍ فَإِنَّهُ طَهُورٌ

The Prophet said: “When one of you breaks his fast, then let him do so with dried dates. And whoever does not find dates, then water, for it is purifying.”

Jami` at-Tirmidhi 695

 

وعن أنس رضي الله عنه قال كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يفطر قبل أن يصلي على رطبات، فإن لم تكن رطبات فتميرات فإن لم تكن تميرات حسا حسوات من ماء‏.‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه أبو داود والترمذي وقال‏:‏ حديث حسن‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to break his Saum (fasting) before performing Maghrib prayer with three fresh date-fruits; if there were no fresh date- fruits, he will eat three dry dates; and if there were no dry date- fruits; he would take three draughts of water.

 

3 levels;

1. The fast of the Laymen (Awäm /عوام)

To abstain from food, drink and marital relations by guarding the stomach and private parts from that which they desire.

2. The fast of the Elite (Khawàs / خواص)

To abstain from sin by guarding the hearing, eye sight, tongue and limbs from evil acts.

3. The fast of the Elect from the Elite (Khawàs al-Khawas /خواص الخواص)

To abstain from all other than Allah, Exalted be He, by guarding the heart from worldly thoughts.

To fast and get the rewards from Allah
To be pardoned by Allah
To be included in those released from Fire
To get laylatul qadar
To be amongst those who are sincere
To be closer to Allah (Assabiqun)
To be of the muttaqun and muhsinun
To purily my tongue and my heart
To ask Allah to be of khawaasul khawaas (the special of the special one: nothing in the heart except to please Allah)
To ask Allah to be amongst those who love Allah and Allah loves them
To be amongst who pray and make long sujud in syukr
To be gathered with siddiqin wa syuhada
To obey Allah
To get the promise of Allah for people who fast: 2 happy moments (during iftaar and when we meet Allah)
To get the smell of misk in my mouth
To be away far from Hellfire
To get my sins forgiven
To enter Paradise from the Door Of Rayyan
To be protected from doing sin and the effect of sins
To be protected from fitan (trials)
To follow the wasiyah of Rasulullah
To be of those mentioned in Al-Quran
To be protected from syahawat
To get the syafaah from fasting and qiyam
To get acceptance in my duas
To recite Al-Quran
To give sadagah
Maybe Allah will take my spirit while I am fasting to be provided with table of foods in
the Day of Judgment)

Source: Ustazah Eiman Sidky